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Be Educated About Your System

The more you understand about your septic system, the longer you'll be able to enjoy the benefits of having your own mini sewage treatment and disposal plant buried on the property.  

The system has two essential parts: the watertight tank and the soil absorption area.  

All household waste materials flow into the tank and bacteria begins to 'feast' on the new product.  The solids sink to the bottom and the grey water 'affluent' rises and eventually overflows into a large bed of underground rocks and sand called the absorption area.  Over time, the affluent seeps through the sand, slowing filtering it.  By the time the water reaches the end of the bed, it moves through a quick chlorination filter and re-enters the water table or becomes run-off.  Solid waste should never enter the absorption area and should be avoided at all costs. It is the overflow that clogs the soil's pores and causes septic systems to fail. Two main factors cause solid material to build up enough to cause an overflow: bacterial deficiency and lack of sludge removal.  

quick septic tank cleaning in Raleigh-Durham
  • Be careful in using household chemicals and cleaners.   These kill bacteria needed to keep your septic system functioning.  BACTERIA MUST BE PRESENT in the septic tank to break down and digest the organic solids. Normal household waste usually provides enough bacteria to digest the solids UNLESS any harm is done to the bacteria. Bacteria are very sensitive to environmental changes. Check the labels on products you use in the house; products carrying the harsh warning "HARMFUL OR FATAL IF SWALLOWED" are most likely harmful to bacteria and should not be used..
  • Minimize Water Usage.  Septic systems are designed and permitted based on a maximum daily wastewater flow.  One of the best things you can do to prolong the life of your septic system is to reduce the amount of wastewater that goes into your tank. 
  • Repair leaky faucets
  • Keep showers short
  • Operate dishwashers with full loads
  • Distribute washing clothes throughout the week to avoid overfilling the drainfill
  • Reduce the amount of water used for flushing toilets
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